Published On: Fri, Nov 16th, 2012

Genetics and Genetic Engineering

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“Genetic engineering is the human altering of the genetic material of living cells to make them capable of producing new substances or performing new functions.”

Author:  Akeni Aito

Engineering leading genetic basis of disease researchers, University of Tokyo.

The golden rice is rice which has been genetically modified that contains more vitamin A. this is done by an element known as beta-carotene that is then converted into vitamin A once inside the body. The genes which are implanted are three, two which are from the daffodils (narcissus pseudinarcissus psy) and one from a bacterium (erwinia uredovora crt1). The psy and the crt1 are transformed into the rice’s nuclear genome and then placed under the control of an endosperm specific promoter, to ensure that they only express in the endosperm (which is the tissue that is produced in the seed around the fertilization time). More